Narach Philosophy

VOWELS AND CONSONANTS


In the Sanskrt alphabet the vowels are usually arranged separately from the consonants, and the latter are so written that they cannot be pronounced without the aid of vowels. If, therefore, a cell is to be represented by the letters of an alphabet, the vowels should represent the nucleus (or the inner ellipse of the drum), and the consonants the cytoplasm (or the outer ellipse of the drum).

Energies of Vowels and Consonants: Before we assign the energies of life to the inner and outer ellipses, or represent them by means of the letters of the alphabet, we have to remember the following points:

  1. All life issues forth from the energy of the Heart, which is electric or super-electric; and its first manifestation is analogous to that of lightning accompanied by thunder and followed by rain; and it is from this Water that the world of the manifest is produced.
  2. As the realm within is represented by the inner ellipse or the nucleus of the cell, corresponding to which we have the vowels of the alphabet, the last vowel of the Sanskrt alphabet must represent Water.
  3. As both the inner and outer ellipses represent energies of life from Buddhi downwards, the inner ellipse contains energies from Buddhi down to Water and as Ether has a twofold character, Purushic and Prakrtic, there are seven energies of the inner ellipse, Buddhi, Mind, Purushic Ether, Prakrtic Ether, Air, Fire, and Water, to be represented by seven vowels of the language.
  4. The outer ellipse contains all the energies from Buddhi to the element "Earth" in a more manifest form; and it has been pointed out that Buddhi consists of seven energies, itself, Mind, and the five elements; similarly Mind has six; Purushic Ether five; Prakrtic Ether five; Air four; Fire three: Water two; and "Earth" one only, making a total of thirty three, corresponding to thirty three consonants of the Sanskrt alphabet.

Arrangement of the Alphabet: We have now to arrange the letters of the Sanskrt alphabet along the two ellipses of the Drum (Damaru) or the Cell, and in doing so we must:

Figure of the Sanskrt Alphabet: The whole idea may be illustrated as follows:

It will be noticed that the figure satisfies all the principal points mentioned in this connection. We have seven divisions of the inner ellipse, Heart (or Buddhi, with which the Heart is often identified), Mind, Purushic Ether, Prakrtic Ether, Air, Fire, and Water; and each of them is represented by a vowel. Similarly there are eight divisions of the outer ellipse, with the addition of the element "Earth", and these have further been sub-divided into thirty-three parts; Buddhi having seven, Mind six, Purushic Ether five, Prakrtic Ether five, Air four, Fire three, Water two, and "Earth" one only. We have also two signs in the inner ellipse, representing Visarga and Anusvara respectively.

Visarga and Anusvara: The form of Visarga and Anusvara, and their relation to Centrosomes, and Chromosomes when acted upon by Centrosomes, has already been described, and we see in the figure how the energy of the Heart (or Buddhi, with which it is identified) starts from a point, symbolic of Purusha, and ends with a circle (Nucleolus) representing Water or Prakrti. But there must be a centre to each circle; and the point of this centre, representing again Purusha, forms with the original centre of the Heart (or Buddhi), the figure of a Visarga; thus, again, the point of this centre (Purusha) lying on the arc of the circle below (Water or Prakrti), gives us the figure of an Anusvara.

Significance of Visarga and Anusvara: From this we may infer that Visarga implies the idea of Purusha lying on Purusha, while Anusvara of Purusha lying on Prakrti and as creation is generally regarded as the result of the union of Purusha and Prakrti, Anusvara represents the creative activity of life, while Visarga or Purusha lying on himself, signifies the withdrawal of life into the Supreme from whence it arose.

Two Letters for Visarga: It has been pointed out that the Centrosomes are to be found in two places in the cell, sometimes in the nucleus and sometimes in the cytoplasm and as Visarga represents centrosomes, we should have two ways of indicating it in the Sanskrt alphabet. As we shall see, this is actually done by means of the significance attaching to the letters S and R, which when placed at the end of a word are always changed into a Visarga.

Two Letters for Anusvara: We have seen that in the process of cell development the chromosomes are arranged round the centrosomes at two places, called the polar region, forming the figure of an Anusvara. Accordingly there should be two ways of representing Anusvara too; and, as we shall see, this is actually done by means of the significance attaching to the letters M and N, which are always changed into an Anusvara when followed by the letters S, S, S, and H.

Arrangement of the Alphabet along the Ellipses: Let us now arrange the alphabet along the two ellipses.

Vowels: There are seven vowels in Sanskrt, and, as we have seen, seven divisions of the inner ellipse of the "drum", to which they belong; let us, therefore, assign a vowel to each of these divisions. Thus a will belong to Buddhi; I to Mind; U to Purushic Ether; R to Prakrtic Ether; Lr to Air; E to Fire and O to Water; and this has already been explained.

Anusvara and Visarga: The vowels are followed by Anusvara and Visarga in the Sanskrt alphabet, and their place in the cell has already been indicated.

Consonants: While it is easy to arrange the vowels along their elliptical path, the case with consonants is a little more difficult. We have seen that all sound is produced in the Ether of the Heart, and again in its counterpart, the element Ether. As the first manifest energy is Buddhi (the Heart-energy being unmanifest), sound passes on from Buddhi to Mind and then takes physical shape in Ether, which has a two-fold character, Purushic and Prakrtic. But it becomes audible only when it comes into contact with Air. Thus, from Buddhi to Air we have five manifest energies through which sound passes to become audible, Buddhi, Mind, Purushic Ether, Prakrtic Ether, and Air; and if a new language is created to represent this idea, we should have five categories of sound representing these five energies; and at the same time, inasmuch as each sound passes through five stages to become manifest, each category must consist of five parts to represent this too. We shall see how far this is satisfied in Sanskrt.

The letters of the Sanskrt alphabet are usually arranged in the following; order:
Gutturalskkh gghn
Palatalscchjjhjn
Lingualstthddhn
Dentalstthddhn
Labialspphbbhm
Semi-Vowelsyrlv 
Sibilantssss  
Aspirateh    

Thus we see that the arrangement of the consonants in the Sanskrt alphabet corresponds to the idea already expressed. We have five main classes or groups, representing the five energies related to sound, from Buddhi to Air; and each of these has five sub-divisions, indicating that each main class is again related to the five energies through which sound is made audible. From this it follows that in arranging the consonants along their elliptical path we shall have to mark off the regions of these five energies, and assign the letters belonging to each main class to all the divisions.

Thus, in arranging the consonants along the outer ellipse we have to bear in mind the following points:

  1. There are five regions through which sound passes to become manifest, from Buddhi to Air; whereas in the outer ellipse we have, in addition to these regions. Fire, Water, and "Earth" as well. The last three, therefore, constitute a separate region, intended to complete the list of energies of the Golden Egg.
  2. There are five classes of consonants, Gutturals, etc.; and in order to show that they represent five corresponding energies of life from Buddhi to Air, we must assign the first consonant of each class to each of these energies then we must distribute the remaining consonants of each class among different energies in order.
  3. There are thirty three sub-divisions of the main energies of the Golden Egg, and thirty three consonants in Sanskrt to represent them; each consonant will, accordingly, be assigned a place on the outer ellipse.

Distribution of Consonants: Let us now distribute the consonants in accordance with this idea. It will be convenient to remember in this connection that Buddhi has seven places, from 1 to 7; Mind six, from 8 to 13; Purushic Ether five, 14 to 18; Prakrtic Ether five, 19 to 23; Air four. 24 to 27; Fire, Water, and "Earth" six, 28 to 33 (Fire 3, Water 2, "Earth" 1).

As the first consonant of each class is to be assigned to an energy, the following letters will have these places:

kBuddhi
ch8Mind
t14Purushic Ether
t19Prakrtic Ether
p24Air

After this we have to distribute the remaining letters of each main class over the different regions in order, taking care to see that, as far as possible, each consonant of a class is given a place in a different region of energy, so that each class might, as far as possible, represent all the energies of life, and also indicate the stages through which sound passes to become audible29. After finishing the four remaining letters of the Guttural class in this way, we shall distribute the four remaining letters of the Palatal class in the same manner, and thereafter the letters of the Lingual, Dental and Labial classes. After that will come the Semi-vowels, Sibilants, and the Aspirate, and they will be given a place each in the same order.

Thus, k is given the first place in the first division (of Buddhi); and so the next letter of the Guttural class, kh, should be placed in the first available place in the second division (of Mind), and that is number 9; then comes g, the third letter of the same class; and it should be given the first available place in the third division (of Purushic Ether), and that is number 15. This is followed by gh, the fourth letter of this class, and it should be given the first available place in the fourth division (of Prakrtic Ether), and that is number 20; finally, gn has number 25 in the fifth division (of Air) After disposing of the Gutturals in this way, we have to distribute the consonants of the Palatal class; then of the remaining classes in order. If, in this arrangement, there is no vacant place in a division to which a consonant should rightly be assigned, the latter has to be placed in the next available place in the following division. For instance, the letter t, the first letter of the Dental or fourth class belongs to the fourth main division, of Prakrtic Ether; and so the next letter, th of this class, should be assigned a place in the fifth division (of Air); but as all places in this have already been occupied by other letters, th has to be assigned to the next available place in the following division, that is 30, in the region of Fire.

According to this idea the first twenty-five consonants will occupy the following places:

First Letters Gutturals  Palatals 
k1kh9ch16
c8g15j21
t14gh20jh26
t19n25jn28
p24    
Linguals Dentals Labials 
th22th30ph31
d27d3b4
dh29dh10bh11
n2n17m18

Then we get the Semi-vowels, y, r, l, v. Here we might remember that the semi-vowels are allied to their corresponding vowels, y to i, r to r l to In and v to o. In assigning places to semi-vowels, we should, as far as possible, place them nearest to the corresponding vowels; but once we have assigned a place to the first semi-vowel, the remaining ones must occupy such places in order in the following divisions as might be available.

Now as y is related to the vowel i, belonging to the inner ellipse, the nearest available vacant place to it in the outer ellipse, beginning from the top, is number seven, and that is assigned to y; after this the other semi-vowels will be given places in the following divisions in order. They will, accordingly, occupy the following places:

Semi-Vowels:

It will be noticed that these places are actually the nearest to the corresponding vowels, i: r, lr and o.

The semi-vowels are followed by Sibilants; and so we assign to them the vacant places in order, from the top:

Sibilants:

One letter now remains, the Aspirate h; and we assign to it the last available place, 33.

An examination will show the distribution of the letters of the alphabet as here explained.