We have already referred to the sacred character of the Sanskrt language, and observed that it is a deliberate creation of the genius of man; and was intended, by means of its structure, form, and grammatical rules, to illustrate a great scheme of science and philosophy, generalized into a comprehensive law of life. In this connection we have also pointed out in what way can a language be conceived as a picture of a cell, which constitutes the basis of the idea of Brahmanda or the universal Ovum of Brahma from which all life is born. Indeed, as all sound is produced in Ether, and all things assume an elliptical or cell-shaped form in that element, nothing can be more perfectly scientific than to conceive of language, which is but an expression, of thought through symbols of sound, as a picture of the working and manifestation of that Ether in which it is produced, or the Cell which is the basis of all forms of life from which thought emanates.
Mahadeva's Drum: According to orthodox tradition it is believed that the Lord Mahadeva played on his heavenly drum, and the notes that arose constituted the letters of the Sanskrt alphabet, and so was the language formed. Hence it is claimed that Sanskrt is of divine origin in a very special sense, different from the conception of all Sound (and therefore Speech) being an echo of the voice of the Fire of the Supreme Eternal.
Whatever the value of this tradition, it is generally agreed that Sanskrt, even in its earliest or Vedic form, presents a development superior to any known language of the world. Yet the claim to divine origin, understood in a somewhat different sense to that of the orthodox, will not, on examination, be found to be purely fanciful.
A Picture of Brahmanda: The very meaning of the word "Sanskrt" implies that it is a "well constructed, well-composed, and refined" language; and it requires no stretch of imagination to conceive of it as a new creation of the genius of man, intended to be a picture of a systematic and scientific theory of life-manifestation. No other language is believed to be a deliberate creation of the human mind, and the origin of a language is usually regarded as almost unknowable, like the origin of the race itself. But the case is very different with Sanskrt. It was intended to be a picture of life as made manifest in the form of Brahmanda or the universal Cell, to be an echo of the eternal Sound that arises in the Ether of the Heart as well as the element of that name, and vibrates in the universe; and it owes its origin to the creative genius of man.
It has already been pointed out that the ancient Hindus understood the form of the Cell, both male and female, the first and the most fundamental life-organism that can be known; and it has been shown that the principal divisions and forces in connection with the Cell are (a) Nucleus, (b) Cytoplasm, (c) Centrosomes, (d) Chromosomes a number of changes take place in the nucleus and the cytoplasm in the course of cell- development, in which the Centrosomes play a most important part; and they are to be found sometimes in the nucleus and sometimes in the cytoplasm, and have the appearance of a point over a point; thus, the action of the Centrosomes on the Chromatin particles of the Cell has the form of a point over an arc of a circle or the crescent moon, thus, ; and just before the Cell divides, the Centrosomes and Chromosomes are grouped together in this form at the two opposite ends.
Again, it has been observed that if we were to construct a new language to be a picture of the creation of life based on the form, development and division of a Cell, we should have to bear in mind the constituents of a Cell as well as the changes that take place in its body in the process of development and division. We should have to represent the Nucleus by the Vowels, and Cytoplasm by the Consonants; to provide for two ways of representing Centrosomes, and two ways of representing Chromosomes when acted on by the Centrosomes; and to indicate the changes that take place in the body of the nucleus and the cytoplasm. We shall presently see how far the traditional view of the origin of Sanskrt bears out the idea of the language as a picture of life so conceived.
In this connection we should remember that, while the ancients believed the Cell to be the fundamental basis of all life, they understood the Heart to be the source of the energy of the Cell itself. Further, they knew that the Heart is characterised by super-electric energy, which is accompanied by sound, even as all lightning or electricity is. And, as language is an expression of thought through sound, it was conceived as the voice of the eternal vibration of life in the universe.
Again, it has been shown that when the energy of the Heart makes itself manifest, it assumes the form of Brahmanda or the Golden Egg, from which is created the whole universe, from Buddhi down to the element "Earth". Now if a language is to be made to image and express the idea of the manifestation of life, it must conform to the structure of the universal Cell, and indicate the manifestation of the different energies of life created out of it; and the idea of Mahadeva playing on his drum is but a picture of this conception, and may be illustrated as follows:
Mahadeva's drum is called Damaru, and is to be played with the left hand; that will give the correct inclination to the instrument, illustrating the direction of the flow of the energy of life. As has been pointed out9, the correct inclination of Brahmanda, is towards the left, corresponding to the manner of wearing the sacred thread; and this is obtained by playing the drum with the left hand. If it is played with the Right hand, it will be inclined to the Right, which will be incorrect. In the diagram the drum appears to be inclined to the Right; but if we look at it from the same side as the hand playing it, it will be found to be inclined to the left.
Idea of the Drum: It will be seen that:
- The "drum" falls within an ellipse.
- When played, it inclines to the left (Right in the diagram) and in relation to its position of rest, corresponds to the inclination of the axis of the earth, or, what in Astronomy is called the "obliquity of the ecliptic" (an angle of about 23 degrees), and fits in with the description in the Atharva Veda of the "Bowl with its mouth inclined and bottom upward".
- The movements of the two strings indicate the directions of the currents of life, that on the Right (real left) being downward (or Purushic), and on the left (real Right) upward (or Prakrtic).
Thus we see that the idea of the Drum of Mahadeva is identical with the form of the universe, Hiranyagarbha or the Golden Egg as conceived by the ancients; its play by Mahadeva conveys the idea of the universe in action, making life manifest; and the notes issuing from it (letters of the alphabet) correspond to the energies of life created along their elliptical paths. If this be correct, we should be in a position to sketch the letters of the Sanskrt alphabet, and assign meanings to them according to the places they occupy.
Inner and Outer Ellipses: Before we do so, we should remember that the Drum, like its prototype the universal Cell or Ovum (with its nucleus and cytoplasm), has an inner and an outer ellipse, the inner one formed by the handle or central part, and the outer one by the motion of the drum itself; and the outer ellipse cannot move without the previous motion of the inner one or the handle, even as in a cell a change in the cytoplasm follows a change in the nuclear region. This corresponds to the idea of vowels and consonants in the Sanskrt alphabet.