Narach Philosophy

THE GODS OF THE VEDAS: VARUNA


From Known to Unknown: We have examined Ether in the light of its twofold character and the senses of knowledge and action, in Heaven and Earth and the two Asvins; and we have seen: how Soma and Rudra represent Mind energy in association with Purushic Ether and the senses of knowledge and action respectively. In our study of life from the known to the unknown or from, the lower to the higher, we have to proceed from Ether to Mind and thence to Buddhi and the Heart; and we have examined Buddhi in relation to Purushic Ether in Agni and, to Prakrtic Ether in Indra. After Buddhi, the highest of the manifest, we pass on to the great unmanifest, the energy of the Heart; and the three different ways in which it may be considered, viz., as Prakrtic, Purushic, or both Purushic and Prakrtic, are personified in Varuna, Vishnu, and Vayu or Vata.

Figure of Varuna: Regent of Western Region: Varuna is said to be the lord of the western region and so the point of the Golden Egg must be turned to the west in relation to him. He may, accordingly, be represented as follows:

Significance of the Figure: It will be noticed that the only place that can be assigned to Varuna is to the Right (or east) of the Golden Egg; and as that is one degree higher than Buddhi, facing him, he represents the energy of the Heart. As Purusha lies either to the north or the east of Prakrti, the only other place that could be assigned to him would be to the north of or over the region of Air; and he would represent Ether in that case. But as the energy of life is electric or super-electric, and flows down from a higher to a lower potential in the direction of the hands of the clock, the energy of Ether must flow down to Buddhi in that case, which is impossible. Thus the only place that can be assigned to Varuna is to the Right side of the Golden Egg, according to which he represents the energy of the Heart.

Meaning of Varuna: As we shall see, the idea of Heart energy is expressed in his very name. According to our letter analysis Varuna may be resolved into Va, r, u, na, meaning, an energy higher than Buddhi in relation to Prakrti (Va), and Purushic (u) and Prakrtic Ether (r). We notice that the line of his name extends from Prakrti (or Water, va) to Purushic Ether (u), thus expressing the relation of Purusha (or the Purushic half of the Golden Egg) to Prakrti.

Defect in the Varuna Idea: While Varuna, as representing the Heart, marks an improvement on the previous conceptions with regard to the original cause of the universe, we notice from his figure that the Prakrtic or negative half of the Golden Egg lies over the Purushic or positive, and that vitiates the whole idea, for the place of Purusha, whether outside or in the Golden Egg, must be either above or on the Right side of Prakrti, and never below or on the left. But as this is reversed in connection with Varuna, his idea is incomplete and his Purushic character defective; and he may rather be identified with Prakrti, and would represent Heart energy as Prakrtic and not Purushic.

Varuna in the Vedas: As we have seen from the letters composing his name, Varuna refers to Prakrti (va), Heart energy (na), and Purushic (u) and Prakrtic Ether (r); and it will be interesting to see how far this is borne out by his description in the Vedas.

Varuna and Prakrti: As Varuna refers to Prakrti, symbolized as water, he is spoken of as the Ocean, and the Sovran of the Sea. He is the lord of Maya dwells at the rivers' source, and by his command the waters run and cease not from flowing. But as the idea of Prakrti cannot satisfy the mind, his worshipper, though standing in the midst of water, is thirsty still.

Varuna and Heart: As Varuna refers to the energy of the Heart, he is called an Asura, which, as already explained, refers to the energy of the Heart he puts intellect in the hearts the wind, his breath, sounds through the regions he knows the motions of the twelve months and the thirteenth, as well as the pathway of the wind; ne is a thunderer he is surrounded by his Seven Sisters, and rules over the seven as king.

Varuna and Purushic and Prakrtic Ether: As Varuna is associated with both Purushic (u) and Prakrtic Ether (r), he is said to be a Bull, and he puts milk in cows and vigorous speed in horses. He is the king of both Heaven and Earth but as the idea of sacrifice, which alone can transform Prakrtic action into Purushic and creative and link together the two world-halves, is lacking in him, he stays them asunder and pillars them apart and by his decree they stand parted each from each.

Varuna and Indra: Reference has been made to the association of Indra and Varuna, and the connection between the two, their friendship as well as rivalry have already been explained a number of Vedic hymns are addressed jointly to them they are friends, drink Soma together, and together they slay Vrtra they are lords of Heaven and Earth, pierce the fountains of the floods, and hurl their flashing bolt of thunder and one of them is called a Monarch and the other an Autocrat.

Varuna in Post-Vedic Literature: The post-Vedic idea of Varuna follows the line of Vedic thought. He is the deity of the western region, and is created along with Water by the Mind of the Supreme Purusha; and as far, as Water reaches and as far as Varuna reaches, so far does this world extend. He lays wisdom in our hearts is identified with Soma belongs to the Kshatriya caste and leads the gods in their fight with Vrtra. He is connected with horses is friendly to our planet Earth and bears his noose, with which he binds, and which injures not.