Translating the idea of the male and female into Purusha and Prakrti, even as the ancients did, we should say that, all life is created out of either Purusha alone without the assistance of Prakrti, or Prakrti alone without the assistance of Purusha, or the union of Purusha and Prakrti.
Hiranyagarbha or Brahmanda: Proceeding from the general to the universal, we should say that:
- There is a great Ovum of Brahma (Brahmanda or Hiranyagarbha or the Golden Foetus), out of which all life is made manifest.
- This Ovum represents the union of Purusha and Prakrti, out of which all creation issues forth. It may also represent mature Prakrti, creating without the assistance of Purusha.
- This Ovum has a rounded and a pointed side, and life becomes manifest from the latter.
- This Ovum may be divided into four parts, and the fourth alone creates, the remaining three being inactive or hidden from view.
- There are four stages in the manifestation of life, of which the first is one of rest, and life becomes manifest in the fourth stage.
- There is a Supreme Purusha, who may be represented by a Point, even as Prakrti is represented by an Ovum.
- This Purusha can create without the assistance of Prakrti; but more often he unites with her, and out of their union is creation formed.
- When Purusha unites with Prakrti, the latter becomes creative; otherwise there is no change in her form.
These are some of the principal ideas that would occur to a person if he desired to construct a scheme of thought regarding the creation of life based on the teachings of modern Biology, and we shall see how far they agree with the ancient systems of Hindu thought.
Language as a Picture of Brahmanda: Similarly, if we desired to construct a new language to be a picture of our new scheme of thought, we should think of the following points in connection with the constitution of the Cell, out of which all life is made manifest:
1. In all languages there are vowels and consonants; and we cannot speak without the use of both. But, except at the end of a word, consonants cannot be pronounced without the aid of vowels; and a change in a word depends first on a change in the vowel and then in the consonant.
This corresponds to the relation of the Nucleus to the Cytoplasm. All creative changes are at first nuclear; and a change in the nucleus is followed by a change in the cytoplasm. Let us, therefore, draw the figure of a cell, and assign the vowels to the Nucleus, and the Consonants to the Cytoplasm.
2. We have to take note of two other energies in the cell, (a) Centrosome, and (b) Chromosomes. The former is divided into two, like two points one over the other, thus: When it acts on the Chromosomes, the latter are, just before the division of the cell takes place, arranged below it like the arc of a circle. Thus, the Centrosome is to be found sometimes in the nucleus and sometimes in the cytoplasm; and the chromatin are to be found in the nucleus; but the nuclear membrane disappears when the chromosomes are formed; that is, the chromosomes are formed in the cytoplasm. The action of the centrosomes on the chromosomes takes place in the cytoplasm.
Following the vowels, therefore, let us have a sign to represent the Centrosomes, thus, and another sign to represent the action of the Centrosomes on the Chromosomes; thus, (the former is called in Sanskrt Visarga, and the latter Anusvara).
3. The nucleus has a membrane, called the nuclear membrane, and. In the process of maturation and development, a number of changes take place in the substance of which the nucleus is composed. These changes are followed by changes in the cytoplasm or cell-body.
We have, therefore, to indicate certain changes in the vowels to correspond to the changes in the nucleus referred to above. We have also to indicate other changes in the consonants to correspond to the changes in the cytoplasm which follow the changes in the nucleus. The former are indicated by the Guna and other changes of vowels in Sanskrt grammar, and the latter correspond to the changes which the consonants undergo. Both these come under what are known as Sandhi rules of Sanskrt grammar.
We shall see subsequently how the Sanskrt language and its grammar are a picture of this scheme of thought, based on the creation of life out of the great Ovum of Brahma, Brahmanda, or the Universal Cell.