Y: Base of the relative pronoun, meaning "he who"; goer or mover, (from I); carriage; wind; union; fame; light.
Y is the twenty-sixth consonant, placed in the region of Buddhi (No. 7) in our diagram. It is related to the vowels I and E and the consonant J. All these will explain the meanings of the letter. Buddhi: "He who", as it refers to the animal kingdom, more specially to the viviparous, who, as has been pointed out, belong to Buddhi and are rooted in it. The meaning, light, would also be associated with Buddhi which, as symbolizing the Sun, is characterised by light. Connected with J: J, as has been pointed out, belongs to the region of Air; hence the meaning, wind. Connected with I; goer, mover, carriage.
R: Acquiring, possessing; fire, heat; speed; love; desire.
R is the twenty-seventh consonant, placed in the region of Mind (No. 12) in our diagram. It is also connected with the vowel R. It has been pointed out that Desire is associated with the Mind hence the meanings, desire, love. In this connection it has been shown that the number 27 is associated with the Moon or Mind; and the Mind is related to desire.
The number twelve refers to the cycle of Buddhi in Ether and Buddhi (Sun) is associated with heat or fire; hence these meanings of the letter. R is connected with the vowel R; and the latter refers to Prakrtic Ether, characterised by change of place in motion, that is, speed; hence the meaning, speed. The meaning, acquiring, would appear to be secondary.
L: Name of Indra; a technical term used by Panini for the ten tenses or moods.
L is the twenty-eighth consonant, placed in the region of Prakrtic Ether (No. 23) in our diagram. It is also connected with the vowel Lr. Name of Indra: as will be shown, Indra is characterised by action; and Prakrtic Ether is associated with the five senses of action, and Air with action itself. The former (Prakrtic Ether) idea is conveyed by the letter being placed in the region of Prakrtic Ether; and the latter (Air) because of its relation to the vowel Lr which represents Air.
Ten tenses or moods: the ten tenses refer to verbs, and verbs signify functions of the senses; and it has been pointed out that there are ten senses, and the five of knowledge belong to Purushic and the five of action to Prakrtic Ether. Now, it will be noticed that the letter L is the last of Prakrtic Ether (No. 23); and if Purushic and Prakrtic Ether be combined into Ether (as is commonly done), it is the last of the ten letters assigned to this element. Accordingly, it may conveniently stand for the number ten, and represent all the ten senses, and so the ten tenses or moods of verbs.
V: Air, wind; the arm; name of Varuna; the ocean, water; reverence; auspiciousness; residence, dwelling; name of Rahu.
V is the twenty-ninth consonant, placed in the region of Water (No. 32) in our diagram. It is also connected with the vowels U and 0, and the consonant B. Region of Water: This explains the reference to water, name of Varuna, ocean. Further, Water symbolizes Prakrti; and Prakrti, as has been explained, is characterised by action. Now, action has Air for its element, and arm or hand for its instrument hence the reference to both air and arm in connection with this letter.
Reference to Prakrti will also explain the name of Rahu; for it has been pointed out that Rahu signifies the ascending or Prakrtic current of life, as Kern the descending or Purushic one. Reference to Prakrti will also explain the relation of the letter V to B; and the latter occupies place No. 4 in our diagram, which refers to Prakrtic Ether; and Prakrtic Ether often stands for Prakrti as a whole. Reference to water will explain the association of the letter with the vowel O, which signifies water. The other meanings of V appear to be secondary.
Sibilants: S: A weapon; name of Siva; happiness; resting place (from Saya).
S is the thirtieth consonant, belonging to the palatal class, assigned to the region of Buddhi (No. 5) in our diagram. Palatal class: as the palatal is the Mind-class, it would explain the reference to the name of Siva. Region of Buddhi: This would explain the meaning, happiness, resting place; for Buddhi is characterised by happiness, and rest or peace. The remaining meaning, a weapon, would appear to be secondary.
S: Best, excellent; wise; destruction; end; final emancipation; eternal happiness; sleep; heaven; number six.
S is the thirty-first consonant, belonging to the cerebral class, assigned to the region of Buddhi (No. 6) in our diagram. Buddhi: Best, excellent; wise; end; final emancipation, heaven, eternal happiness. The explanation is simple, for Buddhi is excellent and the best, characterised by wisdom and the first manifest form of life; and it is also the end and final emancipation, where the soul is merged into the energy of the Sun. The meaning, destruction, may also be associated with Buddhi, for the first place of creation is also that of destruction, and so is the Supreme Purusha called both the creator and destroyer of life. The meaning, number six, corresponds to the place number 6 occupied by this letter.
S: A snake; air, wind; a bird; name of Vishnu or Siva; first note in the gamut of music; base for the nominative case of the pronoun tad, meaning "he".
S is the thirty-second consonant, belonging to the dental (Prakrtic Ether) class, assigned to the region of the Mind (No. 13) in our diagram. No.13: This, as already explained, refers to the energy of the Heart (with Buddhi for its first manifestation); hence the name Vishnu. Region of the Mind: This would explain the name of Siva. Prakrtic Ether class: as the Heart is the first energy of life, and this letter belongs to the Prakrtic Ether class, characterised by sound, S is the first note in the gamut of Indian music. Again, as the viviparous are made manifest in Prakrtic Ether, S means the pronoun, he. Further, as one kind of the oviparous have Prakrtic Ether for their creative energy, we get the meanings, snake, bird, who are oviparous or egg born. The snake may also refer to the form of prana or Breath, associated with Heart-energy.
H: A form of Siva; sky or heaven; meditation; water; assuredly; a cipher or zero; blood; dying; death; fear; knowledge; Moon; Vishnu; war; pride; a physician; cause, motive.
H is the last or thirty-third consonant, belonging to the guttural or Buddhi class, assigned to the region of the "Earth" (No. 33) in our diagram. Last consonant: the idea of the last consonant should be identical with that of the last energy of life, even as we found that the idea of the first consonant, K, was identical with the first energy, and was explained on that basis. But the first energy of life is the same as the last; for all things merge into that from which they arise. Thus, in accordance with our conception of the first energy, the last or ultimate energy of life would be Purusha, Prakrti, Heart, Buddhi, Mind, or Ether; and the different meanings of H should conform to this conception.
Purusha: Name of Vishnu; a form of Siva; a cipher. It has been pointed out that Vishnu, the Supreme Purusha, represents Heart-energy, with Buddhi for its first manifestation; and Siva Mind-energy. It has also been shown that zero represents Purushic energy in relation to Prakrti, even as the male cell is but a hundred-thousandth part of the female cell.
Prakrti: Water. This idea has already been explained.
The "last" place: This idea is conveyed by Death and Heaven, and requires no explanation.
Heart-energy: Name of Vishnu; this has already been explained.
Buddhi: Name of Vishnu; meditation; knowledge; assuredly. It has already been pointed out that Vishnu is associated with both Heart-energy and Buddhi. The connection of meditation and knowledge with Buddhi is easy to understand. The idea of assurance or certainty is also connected with Buddhi, for Buddhi makes for certainty where Mind raises a doubt.
Mind: A form of Siva; the Moon; knowledge. Siva represents Mind energy; the Moon symbolizes the Mind; and it is easy to understand the connection of knowledge with Mind.
Ether: A horse. The Horse in sacred literature symbolizes the senses, and Ether is associated with the five senses of knowledge and five of action; hence the meaning, horse.
Other meanings of H appear to be secondary; for instance, a physician. This idea is derived from the character of Ether, as will be shown in connection with the two Asvins, who represent the twin born senses associated with Ether, and are also called physicians. Or it may be derived from Water, which is spoken of as the great Physician, bringing balms that heal.
Explanation of the Alphabet: It is possible to disagree with some of the explanations of the letters of the Sanskrt alphabet as given in these pages; but it would be impossible, on a careful examination of the scheme as a whole, to resist the conclusion that they have a direct connection with the two ellipses of the Cell and the places they occupy, and that they represent certain ideas and energies of life in harmony with the system of thought as here outlined. This will appear in a still clearer light when we examine the structure of the Sanskrt language and some of its grammatical rules, and also explain the significance of Vedic names in the light of their letters.