It has been observed that there are four stages in the manifestation of life; and taking Heart-energy as the first, the fourth is Ether. But it has already been pointed out that Ether has a twofold character, Purushic and Prakrtic, corresponding to which we get the simultaneous creation of the five senses of Knowledge and five of Action. Now we know that the Heart-energy belongs to the realm of the unmanifest; and Buddhi, its first modification, often takes its place. Starting from Buddhi as the first energy of creation, and taking Ether to be Purushic and Prakrtic, the fourth energy will be Prakrtic Ether; and if this assumption is correct, life should become manifest in Prakrtic Ether. An examination will show the form of a child in embryo, made manifest in Prakrtic Ether, illustrating the correctness of our assumption.
Birth of Like to Like: Thus we see that all creatures who have Buddhi for their first manifest energy (the viviparous or those born from the womb) assume their physical form in Prakrtic Ether; and it has already been observed that Ether is characterised by magnetic energy; and as a magnet attracts substances more or less akin to it in nature, and as the energy of Brahmanda it super-electro-magnetic, the Supreme Creator creates all beings more or less akin to himself. Similarly, all creatures born in the world are like their parents; and as a magnet can attract "unlike" substances within a very small range, the scope of the creation of a new species is strictly limited.
Order of Creation and Destruction: It has already been observed that creation is a process of transformation from a higher into a lower energy, and the reverse of this is destruction. Accordingly, the order of creation is as follows:
(1) Buddhi, (2) Mind, (3) Sound, (4) Purushic and Prakrtic Ether, with five senses of Knowledge and five of Action, (5) Touch, (6) Air, (7) Form or Sight, (8) Fire, (9) Taste, (10) Water, (11) Smell, (12) "Earth".
The order of destruction is as follows:
(1) Disintegrated "Earth", (2) Disintegrated Smell, (3) Disintegrated Water, (4) Disintegrated Taste, (5) Disintegrated Fire, (6) Disintegrated Form or Sight, (7) Disintegrated Air, (8) Disintegrated Touch, (9) Disintegrated Ether, (10) Disintegrated Sound, (11) Disintegrated or disembodied Mind, (12) Disintegrated or disembodied Buddhi.
It will be noticed that we have all along considered only manifest energies of life, beyond which there is the unmanifest energy of the Heart, conceived as Atman or Prana or Soul. The course of creation and destruction may be illustrated as follows:
The energies of the nucleus of Brahmanda or the Universal Cell are all integrated, ending in Water; while those of the cytoplasm are both integrated and disintegrated. The latter are indicated in the figure by the minus sign, thus, Earth, Water, etc. We may note the following points in connection with this above:
- We have the Purushic half on the Right and Prakrtic half on the left side.
- Purusha is made manifest in (a) Buddhi, (b) Mind, (c) Sound, (d) Purushic Ether, (e) Five senses of Knowledge.
- Purusha may also be said to be manifest in Prakrtic Ether and its five senses of Action; for Purushic and Prakrtic Ether, and the senses of Knowledge and Action are created simultaneously. In this connection we may note that the Guna line of Sattva (Purushic Guna) extends from Buddhi to Prakrtic Ether (a to ri), and conveys the same idea.
- Prakrti is made manifest in (a) Prakrtic Ether, (b) Five senses of Action, (c) the four remaining elements, Air, Fire, Water, and "Earth".
Place of Birth and Death: We have seen that the birth of the viviparous takes place in Prakrtic Ether; and from thence we may conclude that the birth of all creatures takes place in the Prakrtic half of the Golden Egg. We also see that it is here that all death or disintegration takes place.
Character of the Heart: We notice from the figure that the Heart is situated on the Purushic side; accordingly it is Purushic in character.
Character of the Lungs: Mammals have two lungs, one on the side of the Heart, and the other on the opposite side. The former is Purushic, and the latter Prakrtic.
Character of Time: It has already been pointed out that the character of Time is indicated by the Serpent-wave issuing from the Golden Egg, resulting in the order of the days of the week, and is accordingly associated with Buddhi or the Sun. Now we know from a study of modern science that the energy of the Sun as well as the Moon (Heat and Electricity) is made manifest in Ether; hence Time is made manifest in Ether too. Further, it has been pointed out that there are four stages in the manifestation of all forms of life; hence the energy of the Sun (including Time) is, like the child in embryo, made manifest in Prakrtic Ether and when we have understood the character of the Sanskrt language and its alphabet, we shall see that the very name Kala, Time, indicates the association of Buddhi or the Sun-energy with Prakrtic Ether.
Time and Air: But while Time is made manifest in Ether, the ancients calculated it by means of the measure of an eyewink, and the latter is connected with Air. How can we explain this association of Time with Air?
It is said in the Mahabharata that Sound, which is propagated in Ether, is made audible or manifest in Air. From this we may conclude that, though life becomes manifest in the region of Ether, it functions actively only in the region of Air.
Time Purushic and Prakrtic: Thus Time is both Purushic and Prakrtic. In its association with the Sun and Ether it is Purushic; but when it becomes active in Air, it is Prakrtic. Hence the word Kala, Time, also means Black, a name usually applied to Prakrti.
The Cycle of Time: We have said that Time is Sun-energy made manifest in Prakrtic Ether: Now Buddhi consists of seven energies, itself, Mind, and the five elements; while Prakrtic Ether of five, the five elements. The association of the two is expressed by the number twelve which, accordingly, represents a cycle of Time. In order to indicate yet more clearly what this number signifies, it is often referred to as consisting of seven and five in connection with Time.
Four Yugas or Ages of Time: If what has been observed be correct, we should be in a position to explain the idea of the Four Yugas or Ages of Time, as understood by the ancient Hindus; Sattya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali.
It has been observed that all life passes through four stages to become manifest; and that Buddhi-energy (i.e. the viviparous or creatures born from the womb) becomes manifest in Prakrtic Ether, and its four stages of development are (1) Buddhi, (2) Mind, (3) Purushic Ether, and (4) Prakrtic Ether. Accordingly Time, being a Buddhi energy, passes through the same four stages of development; and it requires little imagination to conceive that the four Yugas or Ages represent these four stages; Sattya corresponding to Buddhi, Treta to Mind, Dvapara to Purushic Ether, and Kali to Prakrtic Ether.
Duration of Time: Now if we examine the four parts of the Golden Egg, from Buddhi to Prakrtic Ether, we shall see that Buddhi consists of all the four, Mind of three, Purushic Ether of two, and Prakrtic Ether of one only. Thus we may say that the cycle of Time at Buddhi or Sun-stage consists of four parts, at the Moon- or Mind-stage of three parts, at the Purushic Ether-stage of two, and of only one at the Prakrtic Ether-stage. Further, it has been observed that the number twelve represents a cycle of Time.
We are told that the duration of the Yugas or Ages of Time is as follows:
Sattya consists of 48,00,000 years; Treta of 36,00,000; Dvapara of 24,00,000; and Kali of 12,00,000 years. This may be expressed as 4 x 12 x 100,000; 3 x 12 x 100,000; 2 x 12 x 100,000; and 1 x 12 x 100,000 respectively.
Now we have seen that the number twelve indicates a cycle of Time (Buddhi energy made manifest in Prakrtic Ether); while hundred and hundred-thousand indicates an infinite or indefinitely large number. Thus we see that the four Yugas of Time refer to infinite (100,000) cycles of Time (12) made manifest in Buddhi (4), Mind (3), Purushic Ether (2), and Prakrtic Ether (1) respectively.
Four Ages and Four Divisions of Life: Thus Sattya is the age of Buddhi, Treta of Mind, Dvapara of Purushic Ether, and Kali of Prakrtic Ether; and as physical life is made manifest in the last, all embodied creatures are said to live in Kali Age. It is for the same reason that Kali signifies Black, for all embodied creatures cast a shadow. Further, Prakrtic Ether is usually identified with Prakrti, being the chief of the five elements in which all birth and death takes place; hence Prakrti too is conceived as Dark, and spoken of as Tamas and Kali (from Kali) is but another name of Prakrti.
Four Ages and Three Gunas: It has already been pointed out that Gunas represent modification or change, and that Sattva is associated with Buddhi, Rajas with Mind, and Tamas with Ether. Now it has been shown that the idea of the four Ages of Time is also similar; for Time implies change, and Sattya is associated with Buddhi, Treta with Mind, Dvapara with Purushic Ether, and Kali with Prakrtic Ether. Accordingly there is a fundamental connection between the four Ages of Time and the three Gunas; and Sattva Guna is related to Sattya Age; Rajas to Treta; and Dvapara and Kali to Tamas.