In the seventh chapter, called "Jnana Vijnana Yoga" or "Comprehension of Knowledge in the light of Yoga", Krishna describes the eight-fold division of Prakriti and explains the "higher concept" of Prakriti wherein it is itself created by God. Once again we are told that it is God who is everything in different forms, God whom we worship in different ways, and God whom we attain to in the end.
The Blessed Lord said:
How with thy mind Intent on me,
And I shall tell thee everything,
Perchance in thousands is there one
Earth, Water, Fire and Air around,
This is the lower, and know there is
And know that these two are the womb
And nothing, O Dhananjaya,
In waters taste, O Kunti's son,
The pleasant fragrance in the Earth,
And Know me, O thou Pritha's son,
I am the vigour of the strong,
And those conditions that pertain
And by these states of Gunas three
This Maya made of Gunas three
The evil-doers, deluded ones,
Of doers of good who worship me,
Of these, the wise one, skilled in Yoga,
Noble indeed are all, but he
After many a birth indeed,
Deprived of knowledge by desires,
Whatever form a devotee
Possessed of faith, does he engage
But truly limited is the fruit
The Foolish ones but think of me,
Veiled by my Maya, born of Yoga,
I know the beings that are past,
All beings, O thou Bharata,
The men of virtuous deeds, whose sin
Who taking refuge in me, strive
And they who know me with Adhibhuta,
Eight divisions of Prakriti: The eight divisions of Prakriti, according to the Sankhya, are Buddhi, Egoism, Mind, and the five elements. Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth are the gross elements, and the five corresponding subtle elements are their properties, sound, touch, sight or form, taste, and smell. Then we have the five senses of knowledge and five of action, corresponding to these five elements. The ears, skin, eyes, tongue and the nose are the senses of knowledge; and feet, hands, tongue as organ of speech, the organ of creation and the organ of excretion are the senses of action.
These make 23 principles or topics, and with Prakriti they make 24 subjects with which the Sankhya system deals.
Lower and higher Prakriti: The lower Prakriti is according to the Sankhya, while the higher is according to Vedanta. There is no other difference between them, except that Prakriti according to Vedanta is created by God, and partakes of his own creative energy. It is this Prakriti which, according to Vedanta or Krishna, sustains the universe.
But, according to Vedanta, It is God who creates and destroys all life, not Prakriti.
In waters taste: Taste is the attribute of the element Water.
In Ether sound: Sound is the quality of Ether.
Fragrance in the Earth: The attribute of the element Earth is smell.
Radiance In fire: The attribute of the element Fire is light, sight, or form.
Desire unopposed to Dharma: We are often asked to renounce all desire in the Gita. What is then the idea of Desire unopposed to Dharma? Desire is a characteristic of Mind-energy, the basis of the Vaiseshika system of thought. The Mind has its own place in the creation and continuance of life, and when it performs its proper functions, Desire, its characteristic, is unopposed to Dharma, religion or righteousness.
Maya of three Gunas: Maya is creative energy. The creative energy of the Gunas is the creative energy of Prakriti.
The evil doers accept the Sankhya system of thought, and believe in the creative energy of Prakriti and not Purusha.
Vasudeva: Name of Krishna, the son of Vasudeva.
Maya born of Yoga: The creative energy of Yoga.
Adhyatma: That which relates to Atman or the soul.
Adhibhuta: That which relates to the five elements.
Adhidaiva: That which relates to Deva or the Lord.
Adhiyajna: That which relates to Sacrifice.