Narach Philosophy


Finding Yudhisthira still heavy at heart, Krshna, at the request of Bhishma, described to him (Yudhisthira) the universal form of Mahadeva, the supreme creator of the universe, who is the Soul of all creatures and dwells in the heart of all; who is made up of Maya; who is the form of all actions in the universe; who is Hiranyagarbha, without beginning or end; who is Prana; who is endued with Gunas and shorn of them; who is every deed and every omission, every virtue and every sin; who shows in his form the marks of both the sexes as the one cause of the creation of the universe; and half of whose body is made up of half of that of his consort, Uma or Parvati.

Thereupon Krshna narrated to them how Upamanyu worshipped Mahadeva. "You are the Soul of all," said Upamanyu, "the Creator of all things, you are that Pravati whence all actions originate, and you live in the heart of every creature. You are the Lord of all, the Soul of all, and you have the universe for your form. You are self- create; you are the divine architect; you are supreme BrahmA, without beginning or end. You are Hiranyagarbha; you are Soma; you are Sun, you are Moon, you are planets; you are Karna (Desire); you are Sacrifice; you are action. You are Vishnu, you are Indra, you are Agni, you are Ocean, and you are the Tree of the world. You are dark, you are white; you are ever present in your phallic emblem; and you unite the individual Soul with the Supreme. You are the maker of the Field of Action; you reside in that field, and you are the Soul of that field."

Then Bhima told Yudhisthira how Narada heard Mahadeva describe the glory of Krshna. "He is superior to the Grandfather (Brahma) himself," said he. "He is the eternal Purusha. He is the Creator of all, the Supreme Soul, who causes all things to act. He has Yoga for his Maya; he is infinite, he is all."

Bhishma Adores Krshna: Then Bhishma himself adored Krsna, and said, "He is the Lord of the Past, Present, and the Future; the Creator, preserver, and destroyer of all. He is self-create, the Soul of all, the Witness, origin, and refuge of things. Above all Gunas, he yet is born at will, and causes all creatures to live and act. He is the divine Architect; the effect and cause; the material cause of the universe; and at one with all the deeds. He has waters for his home; he is the receptacle of all waters in the world; and he overwhelms the universe with his Maya. He is free from desire, and yet he is the father of Karna (Desire), and desires to create the world. He is manifest, he is unmanifest; he is infinite, he is cipher; he is z, and he is the Supreme Soul. The Moon is from his Mind; he has the effulgence of the Sun; and he takes his birth and lives in the form of Sacrifice. He is the accomplisher of all deeds the enjoyer of all objects, and the creator of all things. He is Soul, he is Cit, and he dwells in the Heart. He has a number of incarnations, the Fish, Tortoise, and the Boar; the Dwarf and the two Ramas; and he is the performer of all functions in the universe. He is Vyasa, he is Varuna, the son of Varuna, and the brother of Indra. He is of tawny colour; he is of golden hue; he is armed with the discus; he has the mystic mark (Srivatsa) on his breast; and he is the form of the universe.

"It is Krshna who is the act done, the act to be done, and the act that is being done. This world represents his car, and it is he who yokes the car for setting it in motion. He is Vishnu, he is Vasudeva; and when he becomes the individual Soul, he is called Sankarsana. Next, he changes himself into Pradyumna, and then into Aniruddha. It is he who creates the universe. Whatever exists, whatever will come into being, is Kesava all."

Then, addressing Krshna, he said, "You are Vasudeva, you are Purusha, you are the creator of the universe. Do you, O lotus-eyed, save me. Do you grant me permission to depart."

Then said Krshna, "I give you leave, O Bhishma, to attain to the status of Vasus. Death depends on your pleasure like a slave."

Having said this, Bhishma remained silent for some time. Then, as his time had come to depart, the vital air, unable to escape through any other outlet, passed through the crown of his head, and proceeded to heaven.

Then the Pandavas and Kauravas made a great funeral pyre, and with many sacrifices, hymns and prayers, performed his last rites, and made oblations of water to the departed one.